Phoenix is the capital and most populous city in Arizona, with one,660,272 folks (as of 2018). It is also the fifth most populous city in the United States, and the only state capital with a population of much more than one million residents.
Phoenix is the anchor of the Phoenix metropolitan spot, also identified as the Valley of the Sun, which in flip is component of the Salt River Valley. The metropolitan spot is the 11th biggest by population in the United States, with roughly 4.73 million folks as of 2017. Phoenix is the seat of Maricopa County and the biggest city in the state at 517.9 square miles (one,341 km2), much more than twice the size of Tucson and one of the biggest cities in the United States.
Phoenix was settled in 1867 as an agricultural community close to the confluence of the Salt and Gila Rivers and was integrated as a city in 1881. It grew to become the capital of Arizona Territory in 1889. It is in the northeastern reaches of the Sonoran Desert and has a sizzling desert climate. In spite of this, its canal technique led to a thriving farming community with the unique settler’s crops remaining essential elements of the Phoenix economy for decades, this kind of as alfalfa, cotton, citrus, phoenix escorts and hay. Cotton, cattle, citrus, climate, and copper have been identified locally as the “Five C’s” anchoring Phoenix’s economy. These remained the driving forces of the city till following Globe War II, when large-tech firms began to move into the valley and air conditioning manufactured Phoenix’s sizzling summers much more bearable.
The city averaged a four % yearly population growth rate over a forty–yr period from the mid-1960s to the mid-2000s. This growth rate slowed in the course of the Excellent Economic downturn of 2007–09, and has rebounded slowly. Phoenix is the cultural center of the state of Arizona.